Gray started working at the Unit in 2008, after completing her Honours degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice at UCT. In 2009, she took a year off to read for her MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Oxford, where she wrote her thesis on the growth of Chinese organised crime in South Africa. She returned to the Unit in 2010 to work on a range of projects, including research on the provision of health care services to rape survivors and South African women's pathways to prison. Recently, she has focused on developing a set of monitoring tools to prevent torture and other ill treatment in places of detention. Her research interests include the protection of detainees' and prisoners' rights, improving the response to gender-based violence, and looking at ways of changing societal attitudes towards gender and gender-based violence.
Carmen is a psychologist whose work has primarily focused on mental health issues related to sexual and intimate partner violence. She has a PhD in Psychology from the University of Deusto, Spain, where she completed her research and public dissertation on men who were convicted for intimate partner violence. She also holds a Master´s degree in Clinical Psychology, after which she worked as a psychologist at Zutitu (The Family and Sexual Violence Psychological Intervention Unit) and at GAKOA (The Psychological Intervention Centre for the Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence) in Basque Country, Spain. Her research interests include mental health, aggressive behaviour and violence against women and girls.
Jeanne Flavin — Research Affiliate
B.A., Kansas; M.A., Ph.D., American University
Jeanne Flavin's research draws attention to the myriad ways in which the state enforces gendered social arrangements through its criminal justice and other formal policies and practices. She documents how the system’s responses to battered women, incarcerated women, and women who are addicted to drugs restrict some women’s rights to conceive, to be pregnant, and to bring up their children. She proudly chairs the board of directors for National Advocates for Pregnant Women, which advocates for the social and civil rights of all women, but especially low-income women who are pregnant and parenting. In 2009, Jeanne received a Fulbright Award to study women's pathways to prison in South Africa.
Jillian Butterworth — Research Affiliate
Jillian Butterworth is a clinical psychologist who works primarily in the field of sexual violence. She works with survivors and perpetrators of sexual violence, with a focus on childhood sexual abuse. She works in private practice but consults to a number of NGOs and government sectors. Her work includes individual therapy, group therapy, workshops, and training. She also conducts forensic assessments. She completed her Masters in Clinical Psychology at the University of Western Cape and her dissertation was tilted The Cognitive Distortions of Child Sex Offenders.
She is chairperson of SASHA (Southern African Sexual Health Association) Western Cape. Her research interests include adolescent sexual perpetrators, and the assessment and rehabilitation of perpetrators of sexual violence.
Helene Combrinck — Research Associate
Helene Combrinck is a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Disability Law and Policy at the Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape. She previously worked at the Community Law Centre at UWC where she coordinated the Centre's Gender Project. She has published extensively on women's equality and women's rights, and has been involved in various submissions on law reform to parliamentary committees and the South African Law Reform Commission.
Swantje Tiedemann--Research Affiliate
MA social anthropology, University of Hamburg
Swantje holds a Master Degree in social anthropology from the University in Hamburg, Germany. Her dissertation focused on long-distance nationalism in Diasporas. After graduating she has been working in different research projects and NGOs in South Africa and Germany. Her main fields of experience are gender, violence against women and migration. Swantje first started interning at the Gender Health and Justice Research Unit in 2012 and has since then been involved in different projects at the unit. Her research interests include the living situation of refugees, particularly of women.
Estian Smit – Research Affiliate
BA (Philosophy and Classical Culture), BA Hons (Philosophy), MA (Philosophy), Stellenbosch University
Estian is a transgender activist, independent scholar and gender and bodily diversity consultant. They played a central role in parliamentary lobbying involving South Africa’s gender recognition law (Alteration of Sex Description and Sex Status Act No. 49 of 2003) and have been involved in ongoing law and policy reform efforts towards greater protection and realisation of transgender and intersex rights. Over the past decade, they have worked as staff member, consultant and/or volunteer to South African transgender and intersex organisations, and have co-authored submissions to Parliament, as well as trans and intersex shadow reports to the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) and various United Nations committees. Estian holds a Master’s degree in Philosophy from Stellenbosch University and has also pursued postgraduate studies on transgender and intersex rights in relation to medico-legal and psychiatric discourses at the University of the Western Cape. Their interests include the provision of gender affirming healthcare within a human rights, social justice and wellbeing framework; depathologisation of gender and bodily diversity in international diagnostic manuals and healthcare settings; development of national gender affirming healthcare guidelines and practices in collaboration with transgender persons; and legal gender recognition for transgender, gender diverse and intersex persons on the basis of the rights to self-identification, bodily integrity and bodily autonomy. They are also passionate about sharing knowledge and building research networks, and committed to research that is open access, participatory and accountable to research participants.
Harsha Gihwala – Research Affiliate
LLB University of Cape Town
Harsha completed her LLB at the University of Cape Town in 2014. In 2015 she began her LLM at UCT specialising in Criminology, Victimology and Forensics. Her master’s thesis focuses on unpacking some of the intricacies that are found in South African sexual violence judgments. Her work at the Unit so far involves the interpretation of rape sentencing judgments, and soon, around improving the functioning of three pilot Sexual Offences Courts in South Africa. Her research interests include gender violence, criminal justice, and human rights.